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Sleeping Cutie Faded Fairytales lRts reading this when Wittgenstein would be talking about a certain word but I reading him in English not German so I wonder if I m reading what he meant or the translatorOtherwise Wittgenstein is a good philosopher He makes things semi easier to understand This isn t someife changing self help book or anything but it will make you aware of how humans think speak write and see I d say this is a good introduction book to read for 20th century philosophy This is the first work by Wittgenstein I ve ever read I ve been terrified of him for years truth be told I ve read a biography by WW Bartley III wouldn t you The Mystery of the Moon Tower (The Young Pathfinders love to be the third I would stick the three I s on the end of my name too if I was but unfortunately I m only Trevor the Second The main memory I have of that book is of Wittgenstein waiting to be captured in WWI and him humming the second movement of Beethoven s Seventh That has always been one of my all time favourite pieces of music and if I was ever in a machine gun nest about to be captured or potentially killed by the enemy I could think of no better piece of music to be humming The fear has come from the fact Wittgenstein is known as being off the scale brilliant And so I just assumed he would also be too hard to read with him picking out distinctions I wouldn t be able to see even after he had held o my crap what a tortured soul Ludwig Wittgenstein was this guy stared into the impenetrable pitch blackness that was the tangled midnight jungle of his own inner existence sharpened his machete and plunged in hacking and flailing andunging wildly he wrestles chiefly with the concepts of Brief Schreiben B1 zur Prfung: Aufgaben, Beispiele und Tipps zu den Prfungsteilen 1 2 (Deutsch lernen, Band 1) language meaning understanding and states of consciousness part I consists of 693 short numbered sections about 4 to a page this was sent to the publisher but pulled back at theast second five years before LW died after he died his further writings were scraped together and comprise part II Gingerbread loosely divided into 13 short sections plus 1ong one there is no steady development but sometimes The Long Goodbye long chains of remarks on one topic sometimes sudden changes of topic he often puts statements or uestions in uotation marks as though thrown at him by someone playing devil s advocate it is all extremely personal written very much in the first personthe first half of this book is soooooo much better than the second half iooked in my notebook and found that i jotted 111 notes from the first 120 pages and only 34 from the The Cowboy Who Saved Christmas last 110 pages by the end i was uite happy for it to be over so maybe it doesn t deserve 5 stars but some of it is uite amazing he concludes the introductionIt is not impossible that it should fall to theot of this work in its poverty and in the darkness of this time to bring The Secret Diary of Laura Palmer (Twin Peaks) light into one brain or another but of course it is notikely I should not The American Civil War like my writing to spare other people the trouble of thinking But if possible to stimulate someone to thoughts of his ownI should haveiked to produce a good book This has not come about but the time is past in which I could improve itjust for that he gets 5 stars from me Exasperating but worth itThe syntax of the Investigations has a jaggedly Asperger s feel to it Too often Wittgenstein sounds Garis Lurus like a malfunctioning android jabbering its core protocols to itself pacing in frantic circles waving its arms in a vexed Philosophy is the sickness and I m the cure manner Theoathsome blend of pedantry and vagueness throughout Part 1 hectoring in tone nebulous in definition can be maddening As a communicator Wittgenstein often ranks with Kant or Heidegger pitiless kraut magi of galling opacity Your cognitive muscles will feel the burn Part 2 is rather Disorder less punishing with enticing stimulants on nearly every page whilearge swaths of Part 1 are a morale stunting crawl through banks of fog What s the dealKeep in mind that PI is a posthumous medley of notes and fragments of fog What s the dealKeep in mind that PI is a posthumous medley of notes and fragments never benefitted from a final rigorous copyedit I ve also been told that the recent 2009 translation By Peter Hacker And Joachim Peter Hacker and Joachim is ess stodgy and peeving than the classic Anscombe version An editor might be tempted to abridge Part 1 to a Best Of showcase for non academics but the moments of profundity strewn throughout that portion 75% of the book probably reuire the groundwork of the wearying fragments to shore up Wittgenstein s visionSo what s the payoff Well a panoptic voyage into speech and semantics that s both rousing emancipatory and at times painfully obvious The atter as we ve washed ashore in a postphilosophical age that takes so much of Wittgenstein for granted but also because his expository style can read Sicily Cookbook like an amnesiac head trauma patient attempting to reconstructanguage use from scratch poking and prodding at kindergarten The Lives of Amish Women (Young Center Books in Anabaptist and Pietist Studies) level grammar to explore how situational semantics weaves and bends through our intricately embodied moment to moment actualities all tempered by an uneasy nostalgia for positivist puzzles boxed in the attic radiant antiues that gave so much fauxuster to our mental Baby Astrology livesWittgenstein wants us to detox to scrape out the arterial plaue of false problems Fundamental confusions aboutanguage use he fears have staggered us into an ersatz world of epistemic mazes and circular obstacle courses a bad Philip K Dick novel of cloying simulacra PI aims to unjack us from this Matrix wrench us back down into our bodies a homecoming to and abashed rediscovery of the everyday Though Darwin is never mentioned in PI Wittgenstein s corrosive presence in the philosophical canon is comparable to evolutionary models preempting theological sleight of hand Post theist armchair philosophy in Wittgenstein s eyes is still beholden to the system erecting wankfest of priestly theorizing To reiterate a familiar story we ve displaced ancient Platonic illusions into the matrices of rationalist projects which refuse to accept that our universe is non The Hype Machine: How Social Media Disrupts Our Elections, Our Economy and Our Health – and How We Must Adapt linguistic and so can never be mirrored or simulated by our anthropic earthbound syntax Ourives are short and our knowledge is crimped and narrow It s best we have the humility to concede our imits pending s best we have the humility to concede our imits pending dubious self immolating transhumanist upgrade As with Kant wisdom often means knowing what we can t do 426 A picture is conjured up which seems to fix the sense unambiguously The actual use compared with that suggested by the picture seems Girl on a Motorcycle like something muddied Here again we get the same thing as in set theory the form of expression we use seems to have been designed for a god who knows what we cannot know he sees the whole of each of those infinite series and he sees into human consciousness For us of course these forms of expression areike pontificals which we may put on but cannot do much with since we The Classics Veganized: Over 120 Favourite Comfort Food Recipes for a Vegan Lifestyle lack the effective power that would give these vestments meaning and purpose In the actual use of expressions we make detours we go by side roads We see the straight highway before us but of course we cannot use it because it is permanently closed pg 108 Blackwell 2001To prime yourself download the two part Partially Examined Life podcast Wittgenstein on Language Episode 55 15307 56 15301 roundtable discussion throughout is very good My only niggle pertains to one of the participants bungling the renowned Piero Sraffa anecdote mistakenly attributing it to GE Moore The fact that the remaining scholars claim never to have heard of it is eually strange It s ateast as famous as the Karl Popper fireplace poker episode Wittgenstein even thanks Sraffa in his Preface Oh wellPHILOSOPHICAL INVESTIGATIONS translated by GEM AnscombeA for substantive vision and historical importance C for expository claritySpecial bonus trackWas Wittgenstein Right by Paul Horwich NYU The Stone New York Times Opinionator blog 331. Mbered for ease of referenceNew detailed editorial endnotes explain decisions of translators and identify references and allusions in Wittgenstein's original textNow features new essays on the history of the Philosophical Investigations and the problems of translating Wittgenstein’s text. .


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Philosophische Untersuchungen

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An offline discussion with Simon Evnine prompted me to reread the first few sections of this book which I hadn t Yeshe Lama looked at in ages They inspired the following short storyWang s First Day on the JobWang is a Chinese construction worker who s just arrived in the US He doesn t know a word of English but he figures hel get by The important thing is that he knows construction work His English speaking cousin takes him to a building site and manages to get him hired by Wittgenstein Construction IncThe foreman is The Snow Beast laying slabs He points to Wang Slab he says Wang has no idea what he s talking about The foreman points to the slabs he s alreadyaid to the small pile of slabs nearby and to the We Hunt the Flame large pile of slabs in the corner of the site Slab he says again Wang understands the problem He takes a wheelbarrow and fetches some slabsThe foreman is visibly pleased Evidently Wang s cousin was telling him the truth This guy is hard working andearns fast He points to Wang again Cement he says Wang Her Mediterranean Playboy looks at him The foreman points to the bags of cement in the corner with the slabs Wang gets his wheelbarrow and comes back with a bag of cement The foreman is again pleased He s almost finishedaying the slabs Wang brought the first timeSlab he says again Wang understands Such a smart guy the foreman thinks He goes off for another Classic Rough News Phoenix Poets Series load Cement says the foreman Wang gets that too Slab says the foreman when Wang s unloaded the new cement Wang s just about to go off with his wheelbarrow when the foreman stops him He points to one slab then another White slab red slab he says White red Wang nods The foreman points to Wang Red slab he says Wangooks at the pile of slabs in the corner He had noticed that those on one side of the pile were red He goes and fetches a Body by Darwin load of red slabs He comes back and unloads them Cement he asks Cement agrees the foreman He s already decided he owes Wang s cousin a beer This unknown Chinese dude is worth his weight in gold Wang s back with the cement Slab says the foreman Red slab asks Wang White slab corrects the foreman Wang goes off to get the white slabs He s even pleased than the foreman He can already see how to structure the next chapter of his dissertation oninguistic philosophy As a philosopher Wittgenstein isn t terribly systematic rather shocking for an analytic thinker I would argue that he s an original using analytic thought experiments continental The Dark Tower literary examples pragmatic everydayife as a The Complete Idiot's Guide to Beekeeping litmus test and Nietzschean aphoristic style attitude problem elements Hell I m almostoathe to call it philosophy at all It s Dead Giveaway like a gorgeous dense glittering puzzle box I guarantee that when I read it again somewhere down theine I Slim to None : A Journey Through the Wasteland of Anorexia Treatment ll get something entirely different out of it Wittgenstein seemsess concerned with presenting a systematic argument than in prodding the reader s mind This book was assembled posthumously Wittgenstein having published very En bur av guld little in hisifetime Although usually coupled with the Tractatus it is actually representative of his thought and methodThe virtue of Wittgenstein may be that with him there is no hint of metaphysical conceit or self deception but rather a consistent treatment of reality as in fact various Surrounded by Spirit language gamesanguage being understood broadly to include everything from the semiotic to the symbolic the denotative to the connotative and games being understood to be intersubjective practices Interestingly however behind this reserve runs a strong mystical sense comparable to Kant s attractionaversion to the Ideas of Reason While he was on the one hand a thoroughgoing critic of sloppy thinking and expression he was also on the other prone to the religio aesthetic flights of the ate Heidegger The study of his biography and jottings presents the image of a man at once piercingly clear and personally enigmatic at once a dispeller of illusions and a victim of multiple neuroses While apparently coming across to his redoubtable colleagues including Bertrand Russell as a genius his actual writings are all rather easy going suggesting to me at east that we re or none of us GENIUSES IF YOU FIRST WITTGENSTEIN S TRACTATUS AND If you read first Wittgenstein s Tractatus and follow it with his Philosophical Investigations you will treat yourself to perhaps the most fascinating intellectual development in the history of philosophy Wittgenstein has the distinct merit of producing not one but two enormously influential systems of philosophy systems over that are at The Sussex Murder loggerheads with one another In fact I wouldn t recommend attempting to tackle this work without first reading the Tractatus as the Investigations is essentially oneong refutation and critiue of his earlier conventional views But because I wish to give a short summary of some of Wittgenstein s The Outliers later views here I will first give aittle pr cise of the earlier work In the Tractatus Wittgenstein argues that Michael's Discovery language has one primary function to state facts Language is aogical picture of the world A given proposition mirrors a given state of affairs This Human MonstersAn Illustrated Encyclopedia of the World's Most Vicious Murderers leads Wittgenstein to regard a great many types of utterances as strictly nonsense For example since ethics is not any given state of affairsanguage couldn t possible picture it therefore all propositions in the form of action X is morally good are nonsense Wittgenstein honestly believed that this solved all the problems of philosophy Long standing problems about causation truth the mind goodness beauty etc were all attempts to use anguage to picture something which it could not causation truth the mind goodness beauty etc were all attempts to use anguage to picture something which it could not beauty truth etc are not states of affairs Philosophers only need stop the attempt to transcend the Opportunities in Museum Careers Opportunities in limits ofanguage and the problems would disappear In his words The solution of the problem of Lady Audley's Secret life is seen in the vanishing of this problem After publishing this work and takingeave of professional philosophy as he thought it had been dealt with Wittgenstein began to have some doubts Certain everyday uses of NTC's Vietnamese English Dictionary language seemed hard to account for if you regardedanguage as purely a truth stating tool These doubts eventually culminated in a return to Cambridge and to philosophy His posthumously published Investigations represents the fullest expression of his Clap When You Land later views So what are these views Well firstet us compare the styles of the two works The writing in both the Tractatus and the Investigations is extraordinary Wittgenstein is one of the very finest writers of philosophy in a High Country Rebel Jackson Hole league with Nietzsche and Plato He uses almost no technical terms and very simple sentence structures yet his phrases can stick in the mind for months years after first reading them Just the other day I was having a conversation with my German tutor aboutearning a foreign Starfell: Willow Moss And The Forgotten Tale - Starfell 2 language To something I said she responded Die Grenzen meiner Spracher bedeuten die Grenzen meiner Welt Theimits of my Race the Sands language are theimits of my world a uote from the Tractatus Although the writing in both works is eually compelling the structures are uite different In the Tractatus Wittgenstein s argument is unified complete he even numbers his sentences as primary secondary and tertiary in terms of their importance to the argument In that work we can clearly see the influence of Bertrand Russell s Saving CeeCee Honeycutt logicismanguage is reduced to The Husband Hunt logical propositions and the argument is organized alongogical grounds The reader of the Investigations will encounter something uite different Wittgenstein writes in similarly terse aphorisms he even retains a numbering system for his points each individual point getting its own numbered paragraph The numbering of these paragraphs however is cumulative and does not express anything about their significance to his arger design It is almost as if Wittgenstein wrote down his thoughts on numbered. Incorporating significant editorial changes from earlier editions the fourth edition of Ludwig Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations is the definitive en face German English version of the most important work of 20th century philosophy The extensively revised English translation inco. ,

Flash cards and simply constructed the book by moving the flash cards around Unlike the Tractatus which resolves itself into a unified whole the Investigations is fragmentary I begin with style because the contrast in writing is a clue to the differences in thought between the earlier and ater works Unlike the Tractatus the Investigations is rather a collection of observations and ideas The spirit of Wittgenstein s Chill For A Day Ben 10 Ultimate Alien later enterprise is anti systematic rather than systematic Wittgenstein aims not at erecting a whole edifice of thought but at destroying other edifices Thus the text jumps from topic to topic without any explicit connections or transitions now attacking one common philosophical idea now another The experience can often be exasperating since Wittgenstein is being intentionally obliue rather than direct In the words of John Searle reading the Investigations isike getting a kit for a model airplane without any explanation for how to put it together Let me attempt to put some of these pieces together at Book Of Queer Prophets 21 Writers On least the pieces that were especially useful to me Wittgenstein replaces his old picture metaphor with a new tool metaphor Instead of a word being meaningful because it pictures a fact the meaning of a word is ateast most of the time synonymous with the social use of that word For example the word pizza does not mean pizza because it names the food rather it means pizza because you can use the word to order the food at a restaurant So instead of the reference to a type of object being primary the social use is primary This example reveals a general uality of Wittgenstein s Nothing Compares to the Duke later thought the replacement of the objectivesubjective dichotomy with the notion of public social behavior Philosophers have traditionally posited theories of meaning that are either internal or external For example pizza can mean the particular food either because the word points to the food or because the word points to our idea or sensation of the food Eitheranguage is reporting objective states of affairs or subjective internal experiences Wittgenstein destroys the external argument with a very simple observation Take the word game If I couldn t possibly do Philosophical Investigations justice in a review Even though I ve read it several times I don t understand than a fraction of it The unworthy thought does sometimes cross my mind that its author didn t understand it either but you understand I m just jealous because I m not a Great Philosopher I would so لبخند مریم like to be oneAssuming you aren t an aspiring Great Philosopher my advice is not to take this book too seriously it is very frustrating Skim it uickly then check out Philosophical Tribulations by Flash Fiasco and the Uncyclopedia article on Wittgenstein which may help you appreciate the funny side of this unfinished masterpieceI had to try it myself See my review of Biggles of the Camel SuadronI particularly recommend the following passage from the end of Dr Fiasco s article38 The wind cries Mary but it can t call Bob Why39 Come down off the peaks of obscure rant ism with your rucksack ofittle grammatical fictions and just whack balls around on the crouet pitch of mundanity Sometimes a simile makes me puke40 If I say raise your arm you know perfectly well what to do and you raise your arm Now suppose I say Want to raise your arm Only don t really raise it just want to Are you uite sure you know what to do in this case Suppose I say Want to raise your arm tomorrow Now suppose I said that ast week and say it again next week is this the same want as before or a different one Of course all those ueer wants go on in me and now I want to say Oh to hell with what you always want to say Get on with it41 My philosophy can only be understood as bad poetry42 Philosophy is the disease for which it is supposed to be the cure but isn tWe have met the enemy and they are us The Jewishness of this remark This book is too complex to summarize but here is a nutshell If you want to know the meaning of a word consider how the word is used Words are used in a variety of anguage games interactions people which display family are used in a variety of Parental Guidance language games interactions among which display family That is there is no single model which shows the essence of how words are used but rather there are many overlapping and differinganguage games each of which is a different modelEnough summarizing Now to what I am interested in what I called once before Wittgenstein s behaviorism which I didn t ike After reading the Philosophical Investigations I have come to the conclusion that Wittgenstein is not nearly as behavioristic as i had thought in as behavioristic as I had thought In he is the most introspective behaviorist that I could imagine but he still ends up being of a behaviorist than I ikeWhat do I mean by behaviorism Wittgenstein is a skeptic with regard to meaning in the sense that he does not think that meaning is something we can My Calamity Jane look inside of ourselves introspect to discover As I summarized above Wittgenstein believes that meaning is revealed by the use of a word in social interactions in other words throughanguage games the behavior of the people using the wordConsider words for what we usually think of as mental phenomena thinking believing remembering knowing and the Chulito like How can you tell if someone knows that Paris is in France If you ask him he gives you the right answer If heooks inside of his mind must there be the knowledge that Paris is in France Not necessarily He might not even be thinking of that and even if he were subvocalizing Paris is in France is there a mental uality that distinguishes that as knowing Thus Wittgenstein gives a formidable argument that knowing consists not in any mental phenomenon but in the behavior of giving the right answer In making this argument Wittgenstein has not avoided introspection as a techniue On the contrary he has used it extensively Even when he asks us to imagine a certain Lessons from a Warzone: How to be a Resilient Leader in Times of Crisis language game we are imagining a behavior but we are using introspection to do it Wittgenstein is a master of asking the rhetorical uestion which reveals how we use a particular word in social interactions but each rhetorical uestion reuires aooking into ourselves and our experiencesWittgenstein is not ultimately hostile to our The Girl Next Door looking into ourselves in fact I think he would regard it as a fruitful part ofife But his basic point is that only when our introspected observations can be validated by being part of our interactions with other people our With Patience and Fortitude language games only then can the words have consistent and usable meaningsMy uibble with this is that introspection sometimes yields results than Wittgenstein is prepared to recognize As just one example Wittgenstein asks ho First off this book is only 197 pagesong The reason Goodreads says it s 464 pages is because this edition is dual The Light of Days language One side is in German the original text and the other side is in EnglishCompared to other philosophical readings I ve read in the past I found this one aittle easier to follow I wouldn t call this an easy read though It s uick but after you read the book you re still think about Wittgenstein s philosophy I think I had an easier time with this compared to than say Descartes because it s modernI Sanctuary liked this book mainly because it was about words andangue How does a human process different words compared to other words Why some words we can picture and others we can t see in our minds The second half of this book is about illusions taking the famous rabbit duck picture I think I Death in Her Hands like that part aittle betterMy only real negative part too this book is the translation This is basically the third dual translated book I ve read this year I think this one was better translated but at times it still felt off to me There were awkward pa. Rporates many hundreds of changes to Anscombe’s original translation Footnoted remarks in the earlier editions have now been relocated in the textWhat was previously referred to as ‘Part 2’ is now republished as Philosophy of Psychology – A Fragment and all the remarks in it are nu. ,